From Evidence-Based Corona Medicine to Organismic Systems Corona Medicine




COVID-19, Health, Holism, Linear and Nonlinear Dynamics, Reductionism


The Covid-19 pandemic has challenged both medicine and governments as they have strived to confront the pandemic and its consequences. One major challenge is that evidence-based medicine has struggled to provide timely and necessary evidence to guide medical practice and public policy formulation. We propose an extension of evidence-based corona medicine to an organismic systems corona medicine as a multilevel conceptual framework to develop a robust concept-oriented medical system. The proposed organismic systems corona medicine could help to prevent or mitigate future pandemics by transitioning to a bifocal medicine that extends an empirical evidence-based medicine to a theory-oriented organismic systems medicine.


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How to Cite

Marcum, J. A., & Tretter, F. (2023). From Evidence-Based Corona Medicine to Organismic Systems Corona Medicine. Philosophy of Medicine, 4(1).